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Candyland Crafts

201 West Main Street, Somerville NJ 08876

Phone: (908)685-0410                               Toll Free: (877)487-4289                               FAX: (908)575-1640

Glossary for Cake Decorators & Candy Makers

Each term is "linked" to an appropriate Candyland Crafts product or information page.

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AIRBRUSH COLORS  Are liquid food colors designed for spray application on cakes, cupcakes, cookies or other pastries.

ALMOND PASTE  A confection consisting of sugar, ground almonds & glucose often made into shaped/molded sweets. Like marzipan but a stronger flavor.

BAKING MATS  Non stick silicone sheets for use in all ovens (from -40 degrees. to +480 degrees. F); provide even heat transfer.

BUTTER CREAM  An icing used as a cake filling, coating or decoration. In simplest form it's made by creaming butter with icing sugar. Butter Cream is also a flavor for a candy filling.

CAKE BOARDS  Round, square, rectangular, scalloped, etc) sheets for displaying/transportation of cakes. Made from various materials and coatings.

CAKE DOILIES  Placed under cakes and on top of a rigid cake board. Cake doilies have fancy doily-like edging designs.

CAKE DUMMIES  Round, square, rectangular polystyrene form pieces used for cake displays (stores, bakeries, etc). The dummies which are purchased plain are then frosted/decorated on the outside to simulate a real cake.

CAKE FIGURINES  Basically a CAKE TOPPER representing human figures, very popular for wedding cakes.

CAKE FOIL WRAP  Treated non toxic grease resistant foil used to cover cake boards, for displaying cakes.

CAKE ORNAMENTS  Like cake figurines or cake toppers. Popular for celebrations like weddings, anniversaries, etc.

CAKE TESTER   A simple but reliable way to see if your cake is done. Insert the stainless line in the cake during baking, if batter "sticks" the cake isn't done, if it doesn't stick, it's ready to take out of the oven.

CAKE TOPPERS   Themed 2-D & 3-D pieces. Re-usable -materials, placed on the top of cakes or cupcakes.

CANDY CRUNCHIES (ADD INS)  Prepared, ready-made crunches to add to melted candy to make the perfect and simple treats.

CANDY EYES   Edible eyes made with royal icing. sizes from 3/16" - 3/8" diameter & various colors.

CANDY FILLINGS  Soft or firm fillings ready to use as centers for chocolate molds, or to form and dip. Many flavors and types.

CANDY MOLDS  See molds.

CANDY MORSELS  Mini chocolate chips with a candy coating. like M&M's but super small.

CANDY TO DIP  Refers to either ready made fillings, or individual candy pieces that are used in molded chocolate candy pieces. See also: Candy Crunches (ADD INS).

CANDY WRITERS  Tubes filled with colored chocolate. When heated in hot water the chocolate melts and is squeezed from the tubes to decorate cakes, cupcakes etc. Candy Writers are designed for, and used extensively, to decorate, and add color details in molded chocolate candy pieces.  The are different from ICING WRITERS, which are used in the same way, but contain icing/frosting not chocolate.

CANNOLI  Are Italian pastry desserts - tubed shaped shells of fried pasta & filled with a creamy sweet filling called cannoli cream. It's usually made from mascarpone or sweetened ricotta cheese blended with vanilla, chocolate, wine, or other flavorings.

CARAMEL  A confection, orange to dark brown in color, with a sweet toasted flavor. Made from the caramelization (oxidation through controlled cooking) of sugar. The word caramel also describes a soft, chewy caramel flavored candy (made by boiling milk, sugar, butter, oil, syrup, vanilla, glucose gum & water).

CAROB   Is a chocolate substitute. Made from the pods of the Carob tree, it does not contain cholesterol, caffeine, Theo bromine or oxalic acid as chocolate does. Carob is naturally sweeter than chocolate, so you don't use as much of it in recipes, which reduces your total sugar intake (healthier for you).

CHARACTER PAN  Bakeware that is shaped for making cakes in a representation of specific, usually trademarked, "characters" (like Mickey Mouse). Same basic idea as shaped pans which are generic, popular but common themes.

CHOCOLATE WAFERS  Pre formed chocolate pieces in wafers about 1" in diameter. Available in many different colors. They are easy to handle and can be eaten as is, or used to melt for making molded chocolate candy pieces.

CINNAMON RED HOTS Small cinnamon flavored candy pieces (created by the Ferrara Candy Co., Chicago IL, in the 1930's). They can be eaten as is or used as cake - pastry - cupcake - cookie decorations.

COCOA BUTTER  Is the edible natural fat of the cocoa bean, extracted during the process of making chocolate. As one of the ingredients in chocolate - it gives chocolate the property of being solid at room temperature, but will also "melt in your mouth". It's the only (Cocoa tree) ingredient in White Chocolate. Cocoa butter is extremely stable,and has a shelf life of 2 to 5 years. It has many non food applications.

COLOR-FLOW MIX   A confectionery icing mix made with dried egg whites & a whipping agent that when prepared with sugar & water is stiff enough for making detailed icing decorations for cakes. When it dries, color flow is shinier and stiffer than royal icing.

CONFETTI   We are referring to the 'edible" sugar decorations (not shredded paper) - they come in many different designs and colors for just about any occasion. They are available in 3 or 10 oz. containers,and are "sprinkled" over your treat.

COOKIE PRESS  A mechanical devise that you fill with prepared cookie dough, then using a handle, press out the cookies on a cookie sheet ready for decorating/baking. Presses come with various discs for different designs/shapes.

COOKIE SCOOP  Similar to the old fashioned ice cream scoop, but designed to make cookie making easy and uniform in size.

COUPLERS  Allow the decorator to interchange standard decorating tips/tubes without having to empty the decorating bag.

DECORATING BAGS  Cone shaped bags used for cake/pastry decorating. Filled with frosting at the large end, when closed off and squeezed through the small end (into which a decorating tip has been placed) a wide variety of shaped designs are created. Bags come in many materials and sizes.

DECORATING GLOVES  Plastic or cloth gloves to protect hands while decorating.

DECORATING SETS  Preselected tool sets for cake decorators - from beginners to professionals. Includes items like: decorating bags, tips,couplers, couplers, scrapers, spatulas, flower nails, instructions, food colors, cake testers, decorating gloves.

DECORATING TIPS/TUBES  Are basic tools for any cake decorator. Most often stainless steel and cone shaped for fastening to a decorating bag. They come in a huge variety of sizes, shapes and styles (even designs for left handed decorators) - i.e.: rounds, leaf, ruffle, flower, plain., star, ribbon, basket weave. A numbering system is used to designate sizes.

DIPPING TOOLS  Utensils designed for easy dipping of candy centers, fruit, nuts, citrus peels, bon bons, marshmallows, cookies, swirls, eggs, etc. Stainless steel or plastic - shapes include: grids, prongs, ovals, swirls, triangular.

DISPLAY STANDS  A somewhat broad term, in cake decorating includes single and multi-tiered stands for cake presentation. Also called cake caddies, turntables, plate and pillar sets.

DOLL PICKS  A cake top with a doll design.

DUSTING POWDERS   Are non-toxic decorating colors designed for use with gum paste, fondant flowers, plaques, etc that result in highly realistic and artistic finishes. Not a food additive, may be mixed with alcohol/oil for painting and highlighting. Types include - petal, luster, sparkle, pearl and highlighting dusts.

EDIBLE GLITTER  Sprinkled on a treat, gives brilliant highlight, stencils, borders, or general background colors. 17 bright colors available. Also nonpareils, jimmies, sprinkles, dragees and candy pearls.

FILLER GRASS  Made from shredded cellophane or paper, is used to provide a colorful cushioned base for different kinds of treats or crafts. Makes a colorful and professional package. Shredded or crinkled filler.

FLAVORINGS   Are highly concentrated liquid additives that add flavors to candy, chocolate, ice cream, beverages, pie, and just about any confectionery treat you can think of. Available in a bewildering variety of choices.

FLOWER LIFTER  At tool used to easily remove confectionery flowers from FLOWER NAILS

FLOWER NAILS  Look like big thumbtacks - provides the control you need when piping icing flowers. The nail is turned between your fingers as you pipe a flower on the head. Easy to place/remove on a cake.

FONDANT  A product that has several meanings. 1) Rolled fondant is an icing that is rolled out like a dough that is used for covering cakes and making figures, drapes and more. 2) Ready fondant is a ready made cream center used in candy making. 3) Dry fondant is a powder that is a pure cane sugar with a 3% invert sugar. It can be used for making a poured icing for petite fours, and making cream centers for chocolates.

FONDANT (ROLLED)  Is ideally suited for cake decorating. Roll out to cover cakes. Also can be molded.

FONDANT (DRY)   For candy making. Dry fondant mix is basically pure cane sugar mixed with 3% invert sugar. Invert sugar has been processed (sucrose is hydrolyzed to make glucose & fructose). When dry fondant is prepared mixed with whipping cream and butter) it makes a high quality fondant ideal for soft candy centers, candy coatings, cordials, etc. Great also for fine-grained fudges and caramels. See also FONDANT and FONDANT (ROLLED) 

FOOD COLORS  Are edible coloring additives for cakes, pastries, candies, cupcakes, cookies, etc. Available as gel based, liquid or powder colors.

FOOD WRITERS  Are used like marking pens to draw designs and text on cookies, royal icing, fondant, crackers, etc. Any hard, porous textured food product. They do not give the same color hues, depths as other methods, but they are convenient to use. They are different than icing which are liquid base squeezable colors.

GEL BASED FOOD COLORINGS   Are strong bright highly concentrated colors in a clear gel base. More concentrated than the liquid based food colors purchased at grocery stores. Easy to blend, consistent quality, freeze/thaw stable. Come in 24 basic colors, but can be mixed/combined using mixing formulas as a guide, to create almost any color or shade needed. Food colors are also available as either liquid and powder.

GLITTER/SPARKLE GELS  same as piping gel but has sparkle!

GLYCERIN  Is stirred into dried out icings to restore consistency. It also has many other food applications: flavor solvents; softening, thickening & emulsifying agents.

GUM PASTE Another name for sugar paste.

HIGHLIGHTING DUST POWDER  Gives fondant or gum paste a very high sheen. They come in silver or gold. Also see dusting, and any of the following types: luster, sparkle and pearl.

ICING MIX  Pre prepared icings mixes to add different ingredients (depends on what type of mix you start with) like water, sugar, flavor or color) before application.

ICING or ICINGS   Another name for frosting.

ICING WRITERS  Are liquid icing in a tube, then squeezed to create colorful designs, lettering, etc on cakes or pastries. Becomes hard when air dried, and is perfect for decorating cookies. Similar in application to candy writers which are chocolate rather than frosting.

INVERTASE  A natural product (enzyme) used to change FONDANT from a solid to a cream like consistency.

JIMMIES  Are also known as "sprinkles", small rod shaped (about 1/16" dia. up to 1/4" long) bits. Used as a condiment like decoration on cakes, chocolate, pastries, cookies, ice cream. Made in many colors and color combinations.

LIQUID BASED FOOD COLORINGS  Are strong bright colors in a liquid base. Applications are similar to gel based colorings. Easy to blend, consistent quality, freeze/thaw stable. Come in 12 basic colors, but can be mixed/combined using mixing formulas as a guide, to create almost any color or shade needed. Also available are powder food colors.

LUSTER DUST POWDER  Gives fondant or gum paste subtle colors with high sheen, and metallic like finish. Available in over 50 colors. Also see "dusting powders" and any of the following types, highlighting, petal, sparkle or pearl.

MAGI-CAKE STRIPS  Reusable aluminized cotton strips wrapped around the outside of the cake pan to ensure even baking.

MARZIPAN  A confection consisting of sugar, ground almonds & glucose often made into shaped/molded sweets. Like ALMOND PASTE but smoother and more pliable.

MERINGUE POWDER Made primarily from dried egg whites, flavors & stabilizers. It's a good safe substitute to using raw egg white. It is perfect for icing and frostings. As an ingredient , adds body/stiffness  to ROYAL ICING,stabilizes BUTTER CREAM.

MOLDS  Are raised shapes within rectangular plastic or rubber sheets into which chocolate (low melting temp - usually around 100 F), hard candy (high melting temp - around 325 F) or non edible craft materials are poured and hardened for 3D representations. A high temperature mold can be used with low temperature materials but not the reverse. Always check that the mold is designed for high temperatures before making hard candy!

NONPAREILS  Are decorative confections of tiny sugar balls and available in many different colors.

PARVE CHOCOLATE  Is kosher chocolate. It's made dairy free.

PASTRY BRUSHES   Are brushes designed for food and pastry. Easy cleaning. lines to avoid bacteria accumulation areas.

PEARL DUST POWDER  Gives fondant or gum paste flowers a shimmery (glistening) luster. You can also achieve subtle translucent or iridescent reflective sheen. Available in 7 basic colors. See also dusting powders and any of the following types, luster, petal,sparkle and highlighting.

PETAL DUST POWDER  Gives fondant or gum paste flowers deep hues and a matte finish. When brushed very realistic flowers are possible. 48 colors available. See also dusting powder, and any of the following types, luster, pearl, sparkle & high lighter.

PIPING GELS  Also called write on gels. They are various transparent edible gel colors used to decorate/write on cakes. Also used as a 'glue' for holding small decorative pieces in place. Made from sugar, corn syrup, water, preservatives, vegetable gums & color dyes. Available in squeezable tubes. Liquid at room temperature.

PLATES AND PILLER SETS  Fancy (usually multi-tiered) cake methods of displaying cakes. See also display stands.

POWDERED FOOD COLORS  Excellent to use when you don't want (or can't) use a water based food color. Used extensively for candy and molded chocolate pieces.

ROYAL ICING   A hard icing made from egg whites (or uses meringue powders a substitute) , powdered sugar & sometimes lemon juice. It's often considered a decorative icing, made into formed shaped icing pieces. Candyland sells preformed ROYAL ICING flowers in various sizes and colors. They make beautiful cake or pastry decorations. Since royal icing dries with a hard surface, it's great for pre-making flowers or decorative icing pieces; which can then be placed on the finished cake/confection.

SHAPED PANS   Bakeware that is shaped for making cakes in 2D and 3D cakes - flowers, toys, animals (almost any subject you can think of). Same basic idea as CHARACTER PANS (which are usually trademarked characters like Mickey Mouse).

SHOW 'N SERVE BOARDS  Cake boards with scalloped lace edgings.

SILICONE MATS/PADS  See baking mats.

SOAP MOLDS  See molds for details.

SPARKLE DUST POWDER   Gives fondant or gum paste an effect similar to luster dust, but has larger grain size, gives flowers a wet or dewy look. 7 basic colors available. See also "dusting powders".

SPRINKLES  Another name for jimmies.

STRETCH LOOPS  Elastic loops (different colors and sizes) for fancy closure of candy and/or treat boxes.

SUGAR PASTE  Also called gum paste. A pliable sugar dough, like fondant but it contains gums to make it more elastic, and easier to model with (like clay). It can be made into figurines, animals, dolls, just about anything you can model. It can also be built up in pieces stuck together. It's better than fondant for delicate flowers, thin sections, or intricate & fragile designs.

SUGARS  Make colorful, sweet decorations for all types of baked goods. Many colors are available: both traditional rainbow bright colors, and pastels. "Coarse sugar" has large grains, "sanding sugar" has a fine consistency.

TEMPERING  Certain types of chocolate needs to be tempered before use as a confection. If not it is a dull brown solid mass with chalky white or gray streaks (and often a chalky taste). Tempered chocolate is shiny, smooth in looks and breaks crisply. Manufacturers temper their own bulk chocolate, but some aficionados enjoy doing it themselves, and some claim "it's the only way" to get premium chocolate. Chocolate wafers from Merckens and Wilbur are oil based designed for molding, making pieces, etc. and do not need to be tempered. We also have tempering chocolate available from Merckens and Wilbur..

TEMPERING CHOCOLATE  Chocolate made with cocoa butter and preferred by chocolate enthusiasts who want to temper their own.

TOPPERS  See cake toppers or doll picks.

TUBED ICINGS  Are used to create flowers, borders and other cake or baked goods decorative designs. Conveniently available 11 colors, and 4 1/2 oz. tubes, when applied with decorating tips simplifies the whole job.

TURNTABLES  Used to make decorating easy (rotate 360 degrees), and to show or display cakes - see display stands.

TWIST TIES  A classy alternative to ribbon. Come in various colors.

TWISTING CELLOPHANE SHEETS   Are ideal for wrapping candy pieces, caramel and confections generally. Once twisted stays twisted.

WAFERS  same as chocolate wafers.

WRITE-ON-GELS  same as piping gels.